Common Gynecologic Problems

Learn about common gynecologic problems that your primary care doctor may treat in the office. Your doctor may also refer you to a gynecologist, or you may prefer being seen by a gynecologist for the treatment of these conditions.

If you do not see a topic of interest to you, please try the A to Z listing of health conditions.

recommended reading
These articles provide in-depth information and are written to help you make the best healthcare decisions for you and your loved ones.
Abnormal Pap Test
Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding
Uterine Fibroids
Amenorrhea, Primary
Menstrual Cramps
Missed or Irregular Periods
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Ovarian Cysts
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding
Bacterial Vaginosis
Bartholin Gland Cyst
Chronic Female Pelvic Pain
Possible Vaginal Infection
Vaginal Yeast Infections
decision points
When dealing with an illness or health problem, you have to make decisions—when to call a doctor, which test to have, and what treatment to use. Decision Points are designed to help you learn about your choices and options, and to prepare you to work with your healthcare provider to make the best decision for your care.
Should I have surgery to treat uterine fibroids?
Should I have uterine fibroid embolization for uterine fibroids?
Should I have a hysterectomy to treat endometriosis?
Should I treat dysfunctional uterine bleeding with hormone therapy?
Should I use estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) after a hysterectomy or oophorectomy?
Should I use prescription medications to treat endometriosis?
Should I use prescription medication to treat uterine fibroids?
What tests should I have next for minor cervical cell changes classified as atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US)?
Should I try an SSRI for premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?
Should I self-treat a vaginal yeast infection with a nonprescription medication?
tests & procedures

Your doctor may recommend one or more of the following tests to evaluate your condition.

Cancer Antigen 125 (CA-125)
Colposcopy & Cervical Biopsy
Endometrial Biopsy
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Testing
MRI for Uterine Fibroids
Pap Test
Pelvic Examination
Pelvic Ultrasound
Tests for Bacterial Vaginosis
Vaginal Self-Examination
Vaginal Wet Mount

For other tests and diagnostic procedures use the section of this site called Medical Tests A to Z.

Abdominal Pain, Age 11 and Younger
Abdominal Pain, Age 12 and Older
Toxic Shock Syndrome
Urinary Incontinence in Women
Urinary Problems and Injuries, Age 12 and Older
medication center
medication assistance

This section provides you with an alphabetical listing of more than 1,000 medications, including prescription drugs and those you can purchase over-the-counter. Just select your medications to learn more about them. You can choose your medication by brand name or generic name.

Medications A-Z

If you are having difficulty paying for your medications you may qualify for financial assistance or free medications. Visit the Medication Assistance Center to learn about available medication and insurance programs.

Don't let financial problems stop you from getting the treatment you need; there are resources and organizations that may be able to help you.

additional resources

This listing provides you with Internet sites that are sponsored by government agencies or are well-known and credible national organizations.

American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology
Endometriosis Association
International Pelvic Pain Society
MEDLINEplus—Women’s Health Topics
National Uterine Fibroids Foundation
National Women's Health Information Center (NWHIC)
National Vaginitis Association

Surfing the Internet
When looking at Internet sites, remember that the information can be sponsored by anyone. Take into account the sponsoring group or individual when gathering information or help. Be especially careful about giving out personal or financial information.

Learn more about surfing the web:

Candidosis vaginal - [Yeast Infections]
Dolor en el abdomen (barriga) - [Abdominal Pain]
Histerectomía, cuándo es recomendable - [Hysterectomy Guidelines]
La salud de los órganos sexuales - [Gynecological Health]
Molestias de la regla - [Menstrual Cramps]
Pérdida del control para orinar - [Urinary Incontinence]
Reglas que son irregulares o que no vienen - [Missed or Irregular Periods]
Sangrado entre reglas - [Bleeding Between Periods]
Síndrome premenstrual - [Premenstrual Syndrome]
Vaginitis - [Vaginitis]

Last modified on: 30 June 2015